Primroses are very popular in Germany as garden and indoor plants. They charm us in the middle of winter and bring good mood into our rather gray everyday life. Still in February the primroses delight our eye n and soul with their beautiful colors and fascinate us with their flowers. They are the first messengers of spring announcing the end of the winter cold.
There are certainly over 500 primula species. Originally from the southern provinces of China, Tibet and Thailand. In this country are they under the name Cowslips especially popular. These are absolutely easy to care for and therefore quite suitable for inexperienced hobby gardeners. These winter beauties are the trailblazers of the new year and deserve theirs Latin Name – Primula, which means the “first one”. They bloom in the winter and give us beautiful flowers in perfect color combinations from white and yellow to orange and red to blue and lavender. For example, one of the best-selling potted plants in winter is the Cushion Primula (Primula acaulis), which serves as a great eye-catcher in the interior and creates beautiful splashes of color.
As a potted plant, the primrose thrives very well at home until it is brought outside in good weather. In the room, the primula (Primula obconica) needs a bright, but not too sunny location. If it is a bit cooler there, the better for the flower. That does not bother them, on the contrary even! The primrose will bloom longer a bit low Room temperatures. Therefore, choose a really suitable place for you at home!
As a houseplant, the primrose does not require special care. It must be regularly poured with lukewarm and lime-poor water. Never leave the potting soil of your winter beauty completely dry, but avoid any waterlogging, as this could be deadly to the primroses. If you enrich the potting soil every two weeks with fertilizers, that would be perfect for your primroses in the pot and they will show you their gorgeous flowers for a long time. As already mentioned, you can bring the beautiful room flowers in good weather in the garden or on the balcony, but at the first frost the primroses must be brought back into the house.
The primroses are hardy perennials and they thrive excellently outdoors in the garden or in the flower box on the terrace. Experienced hobby gardeners can also use them as ground cover or as a great addition to the rock garden. Temperatures below zero degrees C can not harm these flowers. Outside, they need a half-shady to sunny location. The soil should be relatively dry, but in which no waterlogging may accumulate. Compost the soil in spring with compost and water the beautiful early flowering plants regularly during their flowering period. Its rich colors will delight your eyes and soul for a long time if you regularly remove the withered flowers as well as damaged leaves.
More interesting facts about the primroses that you might be interested in :
- The individual primrose species reach different heights. It ranges from very low 5 cm high varieties on the typical 20 cm high primroses and there are also those that grow up to 60 cm in height. The leaves are in rosettes together, the flowers are from 2 to 25 in beautiful inflorescences. They are so colorful that they are always real eye-catchers inside or outside.
- Wise people know that the beautiful ornamental plant also has healing properties. This can alleviate disease symptoms. The dried rhizome and the flowers of the primrose are used in catarrhs of the respiratory tract, mainly as tea. This promotes the formation of slime and facilitates coughing.
- If you want to alleviate a cold with primrose tea, here is the proven recipe: 1 teaspoon of dried flowers with 150 ml of hot water, infuse for 10 minutes and drink in small sips.
Do you already have the beautiful spring messengers at home or in the garden, or are you just starting to get some pots of colorful primroses?